The effect of air and freeze drying on the content of flavonoids, β-carotene and organic acids in European dog rose hips (Rosa L. sect. Caninae DC. em. Christ.)

ARTUR ADAMCZAK, WALDEMAR BUCHWALD, JERZY ZIELIŃSKI, SEBASTIAN MIELCAREK

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study on the effect of air drying (at a room temperature) and freeze drying on the content of flavonoids, β-carotene and organic acids in total weight of hips (hypanthia and achenes) of roses from the section of Caninae DC. em. Christ. The obtained results show a significant effect of drying conditions on the content of β-carotene and organic acids. In the lyophilized material more organic acids were found, but less β-carotene, than in the rose hips dried at a room temperature. The largest differences were noted in the case of ascorbic acid. Its content in the lyophilizates was on average 5 times higher than in the air-dried hips and it was on average as much as 1.225 g/100 g of dry weight (DW). The amount of citric acid was higher by only 10%, on average. Large differences were also found for β-carotene. Its content in the freeze-dried material, compared to the air-dried rose hips, was on average lower by 74 mg/100 g DW (43%). In the case of flavonoids, the obtained results were ambiguous.
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