Diversity of Eleutherococcus genus in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation

KATARZYNA BĄCZEK

Abstract

Eight species of Eleutherococcus genus grown at Rogów Arboretum collection were compared in respect of biologically active compounds accumulation, i.e. eleutheroside B and E, phenolic acids and sterols. For the determination of content of these compounds in underground organs and stem bark high performance liquid chromatography was applied. The highest content of the sum of eleutherosides B and E was observed in underground organs and stem bark of E. leucorrhizus (322.0 and 300.8 mg × 100 g-1, respectively) and E. nodiflorus (218.9 and 363.5 mg × 100g-1, respectively). In the raw materials from E. senticosus, the content of these compounds was significantly lower (177.4 and 159.3 mg × 100 g-1, respectively). E divaricatus and E. setchuenensis were characterized by the lowest accumulation of these compounds in underground organs whereas E. divaricatus, E. sessiliflorus and E. giraldii – in stem bark. Four phenolic acids were identified in the investigated species, namely: chlorogenic, rosmarinic, ferulic and caffeic acids. The main phenolic acid in the analyzed species was chlorogenic acid. The content of this compound in underground organs varied from 102.1 (E. henryi) to 958.7 mg × 100 g-1 (E. leucorrhizus) and in stem bark from 26.7 (E. giraldii) to 542.5 mg × 100 g-1 (E. setchuenensis). The content of identified sterol compounds (sitosterol 3-O-β-D-glucoside /eleutheroside A / campesterol, stigmasterol) was relatively low, but higher in underground organs in comparison with stem bark.
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