Accumulation of biomass and phenolic compounds in Polish and Mongolian great burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis L.) populations
Eight Polish and six Mongolian great burnet populations were evaluated ex situ in respect of the mass of underground organs and accumulation of biologically active compounds. In the raw materials collected in autumn of the second year of plant vegetation, total content of tannins and phenolic acids as well as the content of phenolic compounds identified by HPLC were determined. Distinct differences between Polish and Mongolian populations and their high intraspecific variability, concerning analysed parameters, was observed. The mass of underground organs of Polish populations was higher than in Mongolian ones (595.0 and 523.5 g × plant-1, respectively, for fresh mass). Polish populations were characterised by significantly higher total content of tannins and phenolic acids (6.02 and 1.60%, respectively) in comparison with Mongolian ones (2.89 and 0.97%, respectively). In the investigated raw materials eight phenolic compounds were identified, namely: /-/-epigallocatechin, /+/-catechin, /-/-epicatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate, /-/-epigallocatechin gallate, astragalin, ellagic and gallic acids. In all populations, the dominating compound, was /-/-epigallocatechin. The contents of /-/-epigallocatechin, /-/-epicatechin gallate and gallic acid were distinctly higher in Polish populations.