Hedera helix as a medicinal plant
Hederae folium is used for the treatment of respiratory tract diseases with intense mucous formation, respiratory tract infections and in irritating cough which stems from common cold. According to clinical experiments, the effectiveness and tolerance of ivy preparations is good. The major compounds responsible for the biological activity are triterpene saponins. Ivy leave extracts exhibit spasmolytic/antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, anthelmintic, antitrypanosomial, antileishmanial, antitumor, antimutagenic, moluscocidal, antioxidant and antithrombin activities.