List of plants, of which raw materials or herbal preparations can be used in dietary supplements
In recent years, the market of dietary supplements has been developing rapidly. The market analysts suggest that this trend will be continuing in 2013–2014 as well. The increase in sales of nutritional supplements is caused by aging of the population and growing interest in self-medication, especially in herbal medicine. Dietary supplements are no longer only complementary products supplementing vitamin and mineral deficiencies. The addition of medicinal plants to their composition causes the displacement of the OTC from the market. A great number of raw materials is used both in medicinal products and food, including dietary supplements. Some products, classified as “borderline”, can be found both on food and medicine markets. In most countries of the European Union attempts are made to control the market through the creation of so-called positive or negative lists. Most negative lists, such as the list of “Herbal drugs with serious risk” created by the Commission of the European Communities, include materials containing toxic herbs. Some lists include several herbal raw materials which can be used as ingredients of food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, such as the list of the Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) in Great Britain. On its Ministry of Medicines and Health website, Czech government posted a list of materials authorized for use in food and their suggested dosage. In response to the problems of the Polish market of dietary supplements Polish Herbal Committee, Medical University of Lublin and the Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants began to create the Polish list of herbal raw materials, which can be used as food ingredients, including dietary supplements. The result of this work is presented hereafter.