The GC-MS analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons content in selected fruit and herbal teas

MARTA CIECIERSKA, MIECZYSŁAW OBIEDZIŃSKI

Abstract

The qualitative and quantitative analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contamination in selected popular brands of fruit and herbal teas was performed using GC-MS method. Among all teas similar quality profiles of PAHs were observed. In all determined compounds 4 light PAHs (phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene) from the group of PAHs listed by EPA were predominant. From group of 15 PAHs, marked out for analysis by The UE Scientific Committee on Food, only benzo[a]anthracene, chrysene, 5-metylchrysene, benzo[b]fluoranthene and benzo[k]fluoranthene were stated, although, their levels were relatively low. Benzo[a]pyrene and the most carcinogenic PAHs, namely dibenzopyrenes, were not detected. Moreover, the GC-MS analysis revealed significant differences in contamination level of particular brands of teas among all fruit and herbal teas under investigation. Key words: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), fruit teas, herbal teas, GC-MS
Number of visits: 1993424