Detection of circulating tumour cells in the breast cancer using CytoTrack system

ANNA BOGACZ, MARLENA WOLEK, ALEKSANDRA GÓRSKA, EWA LEPOROWSKA, DANUTA PROCYK, PIOTR KOLENDA, MARIA LITWINIUK, IZABELA UZAR, AGNIESZKA GRYSZCZYŃSKA, ZDZISŁAW ŁOWICKI, BOGUSŁAW CZERNY

Abstract

Introduction: Plants are a rich source of healing substances. Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide while breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are potential founder cells for metastasis. Therefore, their assessment may be used for monitoring of treatment as well as detecting cancer metastatis. Hence, it is suggested that the number of CTCs may be a valuable tumour biomarker during therapy. Objective: The purpose of this study was to detect CTCs in breast cancer and to validate the method of assessment of CTC count using CytoTrack CT11 technology. Methods: MCF-7 cells were sorted by a FACSARIA flow cytometer from blood samples derived from patients who have not been diagnosed with cancer. Identification and quantitative assessment of MCF-7 cells in blood samples were determined by flow sorting. Then, blood samples containing MCF-7 cells or without MCF-7 were scanned with the use of an automated fluorescence scanning microscope. Results: In in vitro model analysing the glass CytoDisc™ with stained MCF-7 cells, we noted the correlation between the amount of observed tumour cells and expected number of tumour cells. Moreover, coefficient of variation in case of the recovery rate of the assumed number of MCF-7 cells was 30%, 17%, 18% and 15%, respectively. Conclusion: Our study suggest that CTCs could be predictive factor in patients with metastatic cancer especially in breast cancer.
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