Research on polyphenols extraction from Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. roots



Introduction: Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. is a herbal common plant in Asia, with many beneficial health effects for human because it contains many bioactive compounds which can prevent some diseases, for instance such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, etc. Objective: The purpose of this research is to point out the effects of extraction factors such as type of solvent, material/solvent ratio (w/v), solvent concentration (%, v/v), temperature (°C) and extraction time on the extraction yield of phenolic compounds from Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. roots, for instance, total polyphenol content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity (AC). Methods: The raw material consisting of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb root was extracted by the reflux maceration method. TPC and AC of received extract were evaluated by the Folin-Ciocalteu technique and DPPH method with Trolox as a standard agent. Results: The optimal conditions for the extraction process were acetone-water mixture (60%, v/v) as a solvent, material/solvent ratio of 1/40, extraction temperature of 50°C and extraction time of 90 minutes. The surface structure of material after extraction process changed insignificantly compared with the initial structure. Conclusion: The results showed that TPC and AC obtained the best values (38.60±0.56 mg GAE/g DW (dry weight) and 298.15±2.99 μmol TE/g DW, respectively) at optimal extraction conditions. In addition, some phenolic compounds were detected in the extract such as gallic acid, catechin and resveratrol.
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