Identification of causal agent of wilt of common sage (Salvia officinalis L.)

ANNA WILKOS, EWA MIRZWA-MRÓZ, IZABELA ABRAMCZYK, EMILIA JABŁOŃSKA, MARCIN WIT, WOJCIECH WAKULIŃSKI, ELŻBIETA PADUCH-CICHAL

Abstract

Introduction: Common sage is cultivated in Europe and North America. It has strong antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties. This plant can be infected by different pathogenic fungi species, such as Alternaria alternata, Fusarium spp. (F. culmorum, F. equiseti, F. oxysporum), Phomopsis sclarea and Botrytis cinerea. Those species are the most frequently isolated fungi from sage stem base. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the causal agent of common sage wilt disease. Methods: Studies were carried out in 2018–2020. 23 fungal isolates were identified based on their morphology and with use of PCR technique. Length and width of 100 conidia growing on SNA medium were measured after 7 days. Koch’s postulates were checked and the development of one fungus isolate (no. 13) was compared on seven media: the CMA, MEA, OA, PCA, SNA, PDA and Czapek medium. Sequences of the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2) were used to identify the pathogen. Results: The fungus formed 3 kinds of spores: thin-walled, hyaline, slightly folded at the base, mostly 4-cell macroconidia, oblong, hyaline one- or two-cell microconidia and oval thick-walled chlamydospores. The Koch’s postulates were fulfilled. The fungus formed the most abundant aerial mycelium on the Czapek medium, and the least on the CMA medium. On the SNA medium, the mycelium grew into the medium and the aerial mycelium was not formed. The obtained RPB2 nucleotide sequence was 100% similar to the Fusarium oxysporum sequence deposited in GenBank (NCBI). Conclusions: The results of this research can be used in further studies on the biological diversity of this species.
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