Biological effects of fertilizer treatments on growth, yield and yield components of black cumin

MAHDI FARAVANI, SOHEILA KOOREPAZ, BARAT ALI GHOLAMI, YASER ZARE

Abstract

Nigella sativa is an annual flowering plant, native to Iran and other parts of southwest Asia, belonging to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Its grain has several important health-related properties such as anti-parasitic, anti-virus, anti-bacterial, increased milk production, carminative, and anti-diabetic. To determine effects of fertilizer treatments on this plant, this experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design in three replications with seven treatments. Fertilizer treatments consisted of Bio phosphor (B 2 kg∙ha-1), Bio sulphur (S 5 kg∙ha-1), Biological fertilized phosphate BAVAR 2 (F 100 g∙ha-1), chemical fertilizer (M) according to soil analysis, and combined fertilizer (B+S), (S+F), and (C) treatment. The application of fertilizers showed a significant effect (p<0.01) on plant height, number of capsules per plant, seed weight, grain yield (g/m-2), number of flowers per plant, and biological yield (g/m-2). There were no observed significant differences (p<0.01) on the number of seeds per capsule, seed weight and yield between chemical fertilizer and biological BARVAR 2. Thus, it can be concluded that there is no preventative for biological fertilizer to produce a good yield of biological product for human health.
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